Posted by tac_admin, November 28, 2012

Project Lifecycles

Every project progresses through several phases of work.  

These phases can be thought of as the Project Life Cycle. Take a look at this helpful chart to get familiar with the work and expectations of each phase.


                      Phase Name                                                   Description
Plan the project This phase of the cycle involves discovery of and documenting the need and assigning resources:1. Market research deriving need from larger project2. Managing and assigning available resources3. Alignment with corporate standards and strategic objectives
Scope the project During this phase the objectives of the project and the scope are defined1. Clarify purpose and objectives2. Identify organizational units involved with the project3. Identify people/systems interfacing with the project

4. Determine business process included in, and executed from, the project

5. Identify project assumptions and risks

6. Establish a system for organizing information


Elicit, analyze, and document requirements The most important task of the BA is to elicit, analyze, and document detailed requirements:1. Determine where to find requirements2. Define an approach for eliciting requirements.3. Identify and prioritize requirements

4. Document the requirements

Design a solution 1. Communicate the requirements2. Recommend the solution and/or solution alternatives
Build or buy the solution 1. Write new or modify new software2. Install any vendor or purchased software3. Write new procedures and/or assist with organizational changes
Test the solution The most important task of the software tester is to test based on the requirements and then move out of the box to test what isn’t in the requirements:1 Verify the software meets the requirements2. Verify the application looks, feels, and acts according to the expectations of the business3. Get user acceptance
Implement the solution 1. Filed roll-out/implementation2. End-user training delivery3. Warranty period completed
Conduct post-implementation review 1. Assess the solution2. Elicit information for enhancements


Do you need project-specific help? Sign up for my Business Analyst Custom Training Package to take your IT career to the next level.

2 responses to “Project Lifecycles”

  1. […] Business Analysts and Software Testers, you will not maintain the project plan for the projects you are on, but you should give input on tasks you need to do and the duration for […]

  2. Rheiner says:

    Awesome article

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